Ghana is ranked third in the Global Peace Index (GPI) by the Institute for Economics and Peace which ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness.According to the 14th edition of the ranking of the IEP, Ghana is 43rd in the world and moved up one place from the 2019 GPI and it is now behind only Mauritius (1st) and Botswana (2nd) in sub-Saharan Africa, while South Sudan remains the least peaceful country in sub-Saharan Africa.
Local media reports on Tuesday said that Ghana rose on the rankings despite Sub-Saharan Africa slight fall in peacefulness on the 2020 GPI, with an overall score deterioration of 0.5 percent.
The ranking noted that 20 countries in the region improved in peacefulness, while 24 deteriorated.
The region’s three countries that recorded high points in peacefulness in last year’s ranking were South Africa, Cote d’Ivoire and Equatorial Guinea, all of which recorded improvements of more than six percent, while Benin experienced the biggest deterioration of any country in the world, falling 34 places in the ranking to 106th on the 2020 GPI.
The poor performance may not be unconnected with sporadic clashes, which erupted across the country, following the election in April 2019, in which the opposition party was effectively banned, leading to a deterioration in political instability.
Niger recorded the second largest deterioration in the region. Over the last year, cross-border armed robberies and violent crimes by gangs led to a deterioration on the violent crime indicator.
According to the index, civil unrest in sub-Saharan Africa rose by more than 800 percent over the period, from 32 riots and protests in 2011 to 292 in 2018.